Antimicrobial activity of plants native to Sonora, Mexico, against pathogenic bacteria isolated from milk from cows diagnosed with mastitis

Jesús Sosa-Castañeda, Carmen Guadalupe Manzanarez-Quin, Ramón Dolores Valdez-Domínguez, Cristina Ibarra-Zazueta, Reyna Fabiola Osuna-Chávez, Edgar Omar Rueda-Puente, Carlos Gabriel Hernández-Moreno, Alejandro Santos-Espinosa, Alejandro Epigmenio-Chávez, Claudia Vanessa García-Baldenegro, Tania Elisa González-Soto, Ana Dolores Armenta-Calderón, Priscilia Yazmín Heredia Castro*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bovine mastitis is a disease caused by pathogenic bacteria that infect the mammary gland of dairy cattle, which generates significant economic losses, in addition, due to the excessive use of antibiotics to treat this disease, microorganisms have created resistance to these drugs, therefore, new alternatives are sought for this purpose. The objective was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of extracts of plant native to Sonora against pathogenic bacteria isolated from cows diagnosed with mastitis. Seventeen ethanolic extracts were obtained from plants native to Sonora, and their antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the agar diffusion method against seven pathogens isolated from milk from cows with mastitis, using a concentration of 50 mg/ml of each extract. The content of total phenols and flavonoids was determined by spectrophotometry. The results showed that extracts of Ibervillea sonorae (wereke, tuber), Populus alba (poplar, leaves), Ambrosia ambrosioides (chicura, stems), Krameria sonorae (cosahui, roots) and Prosopis velutina (mesquite, leaves) were effective in eliminating S. aureus, Streptococcus spp., E. coli, Enterobacter spp., Proteus spp., Shigella spp. and Citrobacter spp. (P<0.05). In addition, extracts high in total phenols and flavonoids (wereke, poplar, chicura, cosahui and mesquite) showed an inverse correlation with respect to pH (r= -0.94, r= -0.92, respectively) (P<0.05) and had greater antimicrobial activity against the tested pathogens. Therefore, the extracts of plants from Sonoran could represent an alternative for the control of Gram (+) and Gram (-) pathogens that infect the mammary gland of dairy cattle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-390
Number of pages16
JournalRevista Mexicana De Ciencias Pecuarias
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
To the support of the State University of Sonora and the University of Sonora for the use of materials and facilities, as well as to Lic. Gerardo Reyna Cañez for his technical support. This research work was supported by the project UES-PII-20-UAH-IH-02.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 INIFAP-CENID Parasitologia Veterinaria. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Flavonoids
  • Mastitis
  • Natural Alternative
  • Pathogens
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts

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