Antioxidant activity of peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) extracts and characterization of their phenolic constituents

Luis Ángel Medina-Juárez*, Dulce M.A. Molina-Quijada, Carmen L. Del Toro-Sánchez, Gustavo A. González-Aguilar, Nohemí Gámez-Meza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to characterize the phenolic constituents and evaluate the antioxidant activity of fve pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars harvested in the same season, geographic area and climatic conditions. Phenols, favonoids and ascorbic acid of Anaheim, Bell, Caribe, Jalapeno and Serrano peppers were quantified, and antioxidant activity of their extracts were evaluated by the method of radical scavenging of DPPH and ABTS•+. It was found that Serrano pepper had the highest ascorbic acid content, followed by Bell and Caribe, whereas the lowest values were found in Jalapeno and Anaheim. The highest contents of phenolic compounds were in Caribe and Bell peppers. The total favonoid contents ranged from 25.38 ±3.44 (Anaheim) to 60.36 ±9.94 mg QE/100g fw (Caribe). The Bell and Caribe extracts showed the highest (p<0.05) stabilization of ABTS •+. The highest oxidation inhibition percentage for radical DPPH was observed in Caribe extract, coinciding with the highest levels of gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, rutin, luteolin, resveratrol (r ≥0.85) and ascorbic acid. In conclusion, among the pepper cultivars studied, Caribe and Bell showed to have the best antioxidant properties and can be suggested as preferable for human consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-593
Number of pages6
JournalInterciencia
Volume37
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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