Cancer is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therefore, the search for new and less aggressive treatments is currently the focus of the anticancer research. An attractive alternative for this purpose is the use of bioactive peptides from plants. Plants live everywhere on Earth, both on land and in water, and they are a major source of diverse molecules with pharmacological potential as antioxidant peptides. Hence, this review focuses on the importance of the antioxidant activity of terrestrial and aquatic plant peptides against cancer throughout several mechanisms. The influence of the antioxidant activity of peptides by different factors such as molecular weight and amino acid composition as a crucial factor for anticancer activity is also revised. Furthermore, the relation of antioxidant activity with anticancer property as well as safety and legal aspects of protein hydrolysates and bioactive peptides for their use in cancer treatments is discussed.
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© 2018 Bentham Science Publishers.
- Aquatic plants
- Terrestrial plants