Assessment of hydrolysis of partially defatted black soldier fly larvae meal in diets for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus

M. Perez-Velazquez, M. A. Millanes-Mora, M. L. González-Félix*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The chitin content of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal (BSFM) is known to negatively affect its digestibility by fish. Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) tolerates well BSFM in the diet. However, chemical hydrolysis of dietary BSFM has not previously been attempted for this species. In this study, based upon a low-fishmeal control diet (40% crude protein and 9% crude fat), three levels of dietary protein, 25%, 50%, and 75%, were replaced by partially defatted BSFM, subjected or not to a prior hydrolysis treatment with formic acid and fed to Nile tilapia juveniles (initial body weight: 0.26 ± 0.00 g). The hydrolysis treatment did not modify greatly the proximate and amino acid composition of the diets, nor did it improve their in vivo apparent digestibility coefficients of dry matter or crude protein. However, it significantly increased the contents of arginine, taurine, and tyrosine, and significantly reduced the contents of methionine, valine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid in muscle tissue of Nile tilapia. The hydrolysis treatment also decreased fish growth significantly. In contrast, for diets not containing hydrolyzed BSFM, not only did fish fed all three levels of protein replacement grow satisfactorily, but the diets with the levels of replacement of 50% and 75%, with final weights of 23.04 and 23.11 g, respectively, elicited superior fish performance, as compared to the diet with 25% replacement (final weight of 20.09 g). In addition, all three protein replacement diets produced significantly greater growth than the control diet (final weight of 17.72 g). The actual levels of inclusion of BSFM were, respectively, 14.11%, 28.21% and 42.33% of diet, the latter being the highest inclusion level of BSFM reported to date for successful growth of Nile Tilapia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115831
JournalAnimal Feed Science and Technology
Volume307
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Black soldier fly larvae meal
  • Hydrolysis
  • Nile tilapia
  • Nutritional value

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