Biochemical profile and antioxidant activity of Lagascea decipiens, a native Asteraceae plant

Omar Alejandro Parada-Flores, Jaime López-Cervantes, Dalia Isabel Sánchez-Machado*, Benjamín Ramírez-Wong, Olga Nydia Campas-Baypoli, María del Rosario Martínez-Macias, Ana Aglahe Escárcega-Galaz, Reyna Guadalupe Sánchez-Duarte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Asteraceae family includes species used for food or medicinal remedies, one of which is Lagascea decipiens, which is native to the Sierra Madre Occident in Mexico. Because this plant has not been previously characterized, its biochemical components and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were quantified in its flowers, leaves and stems. The leaves are sources of ash (20.37 g/100 g dry weight) and the flowers of total lipids (7.32 g/100 g dry weight). According to their fatty acid profile, the leaves provide polyunsaturated fatty acids (63.25 %), the most abundant of which is alpha-linolenic acid. Leaves are the main source of essential amino acids (55.58 ± 0.05 mg/g dry weight) and α-tocopherol (201.96 ± 19.68 µg/g dry weight). The antioxidant activity against the radical DPPH was higher in the flowers (20.04 ± 0.04 µmol eq. of Trolox/g of extract dry weight) than in other parts. The aqueous or alcoholic extracts of the plant did not show activity against selected microorganisms. Due to their biochemical components and antioxidant activity, the leaves and flowers of the native plant L. decipiens have potential for use in the food and medicinal industries.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
OA Parada-Flores acknowledges CONACYT for the scholarship to pursue the Master of Science in Natural Resources (CVU: 929138). Additionally, we acknowledges Parque La Colorada in Alamos, Sonora, Mexico in coordination with the Nature and International Culture Institution for permission to carry out the collections and to the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources in Mexico (SEMARNAT) for authorization. This research was funded by Instituto Tecnologico de Sonora with the project PROFAPI (2022-0067).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Asteraceae
  • Biochemical components
  • HPLC
  • α-tocopherol

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