Cambrian (Series 2 to Miaolingian) platform facies from central Sonora, Mexico and the regional correlation

F.J, Cuen Romero, Alejandra Montijo González, Rogelio Monreal, Frederick A. Sundberg, Inocente Guadalupe Espinoza Maldonado, Francisco Javier Grijalva Noriega, Héctor Arturo Noriega-Ruiz, Ismael Minjarez-Sosa, Alfredo Ochoa Granillo

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This study provides new insights about depositional paleoenvironments through siliciclastic microfacies, carbonate microfacies, and biofacies analysis from sedimentary formations of the lower and middle Cambrian (Stage 4–Wuliuan), exposed in central Sonora, northern Mexico. Results of the petrographic analysis of 48 samples revealed the following lithologies: quartzarenite, oncolytic rudstone, grainstone-packstone, wackestone, mudstone, and to a lesser extent sandy limestone. Two siliciclastic microfacies were identified: (A) quartzarenite with cross-bedded and horizontal stratification deposited in an intertidal and supratidal environment; and (B) massive quartzarenite with Skolithos ichnofacies deposited in subtidal and intertidal environments. Four carbonate microfacies were identified: microfacies 1 is a sandy limestone with trilobite fragments; microfacies 2 is a grainstone with intraclasts, salterellids, hyolithids, trilobites,
and echinoderms plates; microfacies 3 is an oncolytic rudstone consisting of microbes and abundant echinoderms plates; and microfacies
4 is a packstone-grainstone with abundant ooids, trilobite fragments, and echinoderm plates. Two biofacies were identified: Agnostidpolymeroid
biofacies with predominance of the trilobites Pentagnostus, Bathyuriscus, Oryctocephalites, and Elrathina; and Pagetia biofacies with abundant trilobites of the genera Pentagnostus, Pagetia and Elrathina. It is concluded by the sedimentation model that changes in sea level is the most important parameter in determining the siliciclastic microfacies, carbonate microfacies and biofacies;
as well as the depositional environments that vary from the coastline (subtidal to supratidal) to shallow-water open circulation marine
platform with low and high energy waters. The Cambrian deposits of northern Mexico are correlated with the deposits of California and
Nevada (USA), as well as to the Precordillera (Argentina), where the species in common show a strong affinity.
Original languageSpanish (Mexico)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages17
VolumeIn press
Issue numberIn press
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2021

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