Changes in firmness, muscle total protease activity, and the thermal behavior of jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas) were measured throughout 15 days of ice-storage. A significant decrease (p<0.05) in the shear force of raw mantle muscle was observed after 7-days ice-storage. The highest total protease activity detected was 1.24 U/g mantle. The thermograms obtained at day zero showed four transition states. The first three transition states were endothermic and correspond to myosin (50 °C), sarcoplasmic proteins (69 °C), and actin (79 °C). The fourth transition state was exothermic at 107 °C, and was probably associated with protein aggregation. The thermal behavior of the muscle showed a decreasing trend in temperature and enthalpy of transition for myosin, sarcoplasmic proteins, and actin with storage time. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis showed a change in the myofibrillar protein pattern, which with the shear force, and differential scanning calorimetry data, suggests a partial denaturation of that protein fraction during ice-storage. © Springer-Verlag 2004.