Chemical and Bioactive Compounds from Mexican Desertic Medicinal Plants

Julio Cesar López-Romero, Heriberto Torres-Moreno, Arely del Rocio Ireta-Paredes, Ana Veronica Charles-Rodríguez, María Liliana Flores-López

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plants have been used since ancient times for their medicinal properties via infusions, ointments, or direct consumption, without knowing the nature of the chemical compounds associated with the observed effects. In this sense, Mexico exhibits a great diversity of flora and many of these are used empirically by the population. Plants from Mexico’s semi-desert and desert areas have shown extraordinary potential because of their metabolism adapted to extreme environmental conditions. This adaptation has been related to the production of some chemical compounds, highlighting phenolic compounds, triterpenes, and alkaloids, which have recently been associated with a great diversity of biological activities. Therefore, this chapter describes in detail the groups of chemical compounds found in plants from Mexico’s desert and semi-desert areas that are used in traditional medicine as well as their association with biological activities. ?It also presents an updated overview of extraction techniques and the scope of encapsulation technologies to prolong the efficacy of their bioactive compounds and improve their physical and chemical stability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAromatic and Medicinal Plants of Drylands and Deserts
Subtitle of host publicationEcology, Ethnobiology and Potential Uses
PublisherCRC Press
Pages189-218
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781000863666
ISBN (Print)9781032169729
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 David Ramiro Aguillón-Gutiérrez, Cristian Torres-León, and Jorge Alejandro Aguirre-Joya.

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