Chitosan as an Outstanding Polysaccharide Improving Health-Commodities of Humans and Environmental Protection

Lorenzo A. Picos-Corrales*, Ana M. Morales-Burgos*, Jose P. Ruelas-Leyva*, Grégorio Crini, Evangelina García-Armenta, Sergio A. Jimenez-Lam, Lidia E. Ayón-Reyna, Fernando Rocha-Alonzo, Loranda Calderón-Zamora, Ulises Osuna-Martínez, Abraham Calderón-Castro, Gonzalo De-Paz-Arroyo, Levy N. Inzunza-Camacho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Public health, production and preservation of food, development of environmentally friendly (cosmeto-)textiles and plastics, synthesis processes using green technology, and improvement of water quality, among other domains, can be controlled with the help of chitosan. It has been demonstrated that this biopolymer exhibits advantageous properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, antimicrobial effect, mucoadhesive properties, film-forming capacity, elicitor of plant defenses, coagulant-flocculant ability, synergistic effect and adjuvant along with other substances and materials. In part, its versatility is attributed to the presence of ionizable and reactive primary amino groups that provide strong chemical interactions with small inorganic and organic substances, macromolecules, ions, and cell membranes/walls. Hence, chitosan has been used either to create new materials or to modify the properties of conventional materials applied on an industrial scale. Considering the relevance of strategic topics around the world, this review integrates recent studies and key background information constructed by different researchers designing chitosan-based materials with potential applications in the aforementioned concerns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number526
JournalPolymers
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • anticancer drug formulations
  • antimicrobial agent
  • bioflocculation
  • catalytic scaffolds
  • chitosan
  • edible coatings
  • elicitors
  • food packaging
  • nutraceutical formulations
  • textiles

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Chitosan as an Outstanding Polysaccharide Improving Health-Commodities of Humans and Environmental Protection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this