Cleaner production and pollution prevention at the electronic and electric Mexican maquiladora

Luis Velazquez, Nora Munguia, Andrea Zavala, Javier Esquer, Markus Will, Bernd Delakowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the deepening understanding of the diverging pollution prevention (PP) and occupational and safety practices undertaken in the Mexican maquiladora industry. Design/methodology/approach: This study was outlined by a modified version of the PP Program based on a continuous improvement cycle, which identifies areas of opportunity and then, proposes ideas for solving problems. This study was carried out based merely on a quantitative approach. However, when this was not possible, parameters were determined under a qualitative or semi-quantitative approach. Findings: Findings in this study have proven that Cleaner Production and Pollution Prevention (CP&PP) programs are successful to obtain not only environmental but also occupational benefits at the same time; therefore, they should not be seem only as an environmental tool but as a sustainability tool that have the potential to make possible the creation of a sustainable production system in the maquiladora industry where products and processes, and operations are designed to be not risky for Mexican workers, communities, and environment. Practical implications: The study revealed empirical environmental and occupational practices that took place in nine maquiladoras located in the Northwest of Mexico and analyzes how these practices affect Mexican workers in this industry and their environment. Originality/value: The study evaluated the feasibility and usefulness of CP&PP programs in the maquiladora industry under an integrative approach that takes into account environmental and occupational aspect in order to understand how this industry is changing their production patterns toward sustainability.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)600-614
Number of pages15
JournalManagement of Environmental Quality: An International Journal
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2014

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