Computing and assessment of discrete angle positions for optimizing the solar energy harvesting for urban sustainable development

Guillermo Quiroga-Ocaña, Julio C. Montaño-Moreno, Enrique A. Enríquez-Velásquez, Victor H. Benitez*, Luis C. Félix-Herrán, Jorge De J. Lozoya-Santos, Ricardo A. Ramírez-Mendoza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This paper proposes the computation and assessment of optimal tilt and azimuth angles for a receiving surface, using a mathematical model developed at the University of Tomsk, Russia. The model was validated and analyzed for the Nuevo León State, Northeast Mexico, utilizing a set of metrics, comparing against satellite data from NASA. A point of interest in the city of Monterrey was analyzed to identify orientation patterns throughout the year for an optimal solar energy gathering. The aim is providing the best orientation tilt angles for photovoltaic or solar thermal panels without tracking systems. In addition, this analysis is proposed as a tool to achieve optimal performance in sustainable urban development in the region. Based on the findings, a set of optimal tilt and azimuth surface angles are proposed for the analyzed coordinates. The aim is to identify the optimal performance to obtain the maximum solar irradiation possible over the year for solar projects in the region. The results show that the model can be used as a tool to accelerate decision making in the design of solar harvesting surfaces and allows the design of discrete tracking systems with an increase in solar energy harvesting above 5% annually.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6441
Issue number20
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: The APC was funded by CampusCity Initiative from the School of Engineering and Sciences at the Tecnologico de Monterrey.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Renewable energy assessment
  • Solar harvesting surface
  • Solar irradiation
  • Urban energy tools


Dive into the research topics of 'Computing and assessment of discrete angle positions for optimizing the solar energy harvesting for urban sustainable development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this