Condiciones de vida y psicosociales de niños migrantes en el noroeste de México

Jose angel Vera Noriega, Jesús Alfonso Robles Luján

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In order to compare the mental health of migrant and sedentary children, the population was defined by 358 migrants children from the state of Guerrero between 9 to 13 years traveling with her parents to technology-intensive irrigation fields crops in northwest Mexico and compared with 150 children sedentary matched with its neighbors and friends, residents of the municipality of Acatlán, Guerrero, Mexico. The measurements were: anxiety scale for children – revised, depression questionnaire for children, and the inventory of childhood stress. The results of factor analysis are consistent dimensions and factor weights greater than .35. Findings indicate that 20% of migrant children had anxiety, 10.6% had depression, and 41.3% reported stress levels above the healthy range. The comparative analysis shows that migrant children are at greater risk of suffering from anxiety, depression and stress. (English) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Con el objetivo de comparar el estado de salud mental de niños migrantes y sedentarios, se estudio a una población de 358 niños migrantes del estado de Guerrero entre 9 y 13 años que viajaban con sus padres a los campos agrícolas tecnificados de riego del noroeste de México y se comparo con 150 niños pareados vecinos y amigos sedentarios residentes de la zona del municipio de Acatlán, Guerrero, México. Las medidas fueron: escala de ansiedad manifiesta para niños – revisada, cuestionario de depresión para niños, y el inventario de estrés infantil. Los resultados del análisis factorial muestran dimensiones consistentes y con pesos factoriales mayores a .35. El 20% de los menores migrantes presentaba ansiedad, 10.6% mostraba depresión, y 41.3% manifestaba niveles de estrés por encima del rango saludable. Los análisis comparativos muestran que los niños migrantes presentan mayores riesgos de padecer ansiedad, depresión y estrés. (Portuguese) [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais is the property of EDIPUCRS - Editora Universitaria da PUCRS and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
Original languageSpanish (Mexico)
JournalCivitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais
Issue number2
StatePublished - 18 Nov 2010

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