Corrosion Behavior of Steels in LiBr–H2O–CaCl2–LiNO3 Systems

Ana Karen Larios-Galvez, Roy Lopez-Sesenes, Estela Sarmiento-Bustos, Isai Rosales, Jorge Uruchurtu-Chavarin, Jesus Porcayo-Calderon, Jose Gonzalo Gonzalez-Rodriguez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Conventional absorption and refrigeration systems use a LiBr/H2O mixture, which causes corrosion problems to the metallic components. In order to avoid this and some other problems such as crystallization and vapor pressure, some additives such as CaCl2 and/or LiNO3 are added to the LiBr/H2O mixture. In the present work, the corrosion behavior of 1018 carbon steel as well as of type 304 and 316L stainless steels was evaluated in LiBr/H2O at 80 °C with the addition of CaCl2, LiNO3, and CaCl2 + LiNO3. Potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used for this purpose. The results showed that the corrosion current density values of all tested steels decreased with the addition of CaCl2 and/or LiNO3, which induced the formation of a passive film on carbon steel. Both types of stainless steels showed a passive film in all tested conditions, but the passive current density was the lowest, whereas the passive zone was the widest, for 316L steel. The corrosion mechanism remained unaltered for both stainless steels but was changed with the addition of CaCl2 and/or LiNO3 for carbon steel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number279
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Carbon steel
  • LiBr
  • Pitting corrosion
  • Stainless steels


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