Determining Perceived Self‐Efficacy for Preventing Dengue Fever in Two Climatically Diverse Mexican States: A Cross‐Sectional Study

Esther Annan*, Aracely Angulo‐molina, Wan Fairos Wan Yaacob, Nolan Kline, Uriel A. Lopez‐lemus, Ubydul Haque

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Knowledge of dengue fever and perceived self‐efficacy toward dengue prevention does not necessarily translate to the uptake of mosquito control measures. Understanding how these factors (knowledge and self‐efficacy) influence mosquito control measures in Mexico is limited. Our study sought to bridge this knowledge gap by assessing individual‐level variables that affect the use of mosquito control measures. A cross‐sectional survey with 623 participants was administered online in Mexico from April to July 2021. Multiple linear regression and multiple logistic regression models were used to explore factors that predicted mosquito control scale and odds of taking measures to control mosquitoes in the previous year, respectively. Self‐efficacy (β = 0.323, p‐value = < 0.0001) and knowledge about dengue reduction scale (β = 0.316, p‐value =< 0.0001) were the most important predictors of mosquito control scale. The linear regression model explained 24.9% of the mosquito control scale variance. Increasing age (OR = 1.064, p‐value =< 0.0001) and self‐efficacy (OR = 1.020, p‐value = 0.0024) were both associated with an increase in the odds of taking measures against mosquitoes in the previous year. There is a potential to increase mosquito control awareness and practices through the increase in knowledge about mosquito reduction and self‐efficacy in Mexico.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
There was no funding for this study. U.H. was supported by the Research Council of Norway (grant # 281077).

Funding Information:
Funding: There was no funding for this study. U.H. was supported by the Research Council of Nor‐ way (grant # 281077).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Colima
  • Knowledge
  • Mexico
  • Sonora
  • dengue fever
  • mosquito control
  • prevention
  • self‐efficacy

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