DFT study of small Re-Pt clusters supported on γ-Al2O3

Luis E. Gálvez-González, Lauro Oliver Paz-Borbón, Alvaro Posada-Amarillas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The scarcity and high cost of raw materials such as platinum to synthesize catalysts, makes it desirable to reduce the amount of precious metal used preserving their overall catalytic performance. A promising solution to this is for example, using highly dispersed and catalytically active transition metal clusters supported on metal oxides, such as TiO2, CeO2, and γ-Al2O3. Thus, bimetallic clusters can potentially offer additional catalytic enhancement due to a synergy between the involved metal atoms. We focus our attention on a computational, DFT study of small bimetallic Re-Pt clusters supported on γ-Al2O3. We aim to determine global minima configurations of Re-Pt clusters (up to 5 atoms) on the γ-Al2O3 (100) surface by using a Basin Hopping global optimization scheme. The adsorption and mixing energies are calculated as a function of clusters size and composition, thus providing a quantifiable picture of the stability of such bimetallic clusters. Our results show that bimetallic Re-Pt supported clusters exhibit higher stability compared to monometallic Re or Pt clusters. Regarding the bonding mechanism between metal clusters and the oxide substrate, our calculations indicate that the contribution to the PDOS of the 6-s states of both Re and Pt atoms is negligible, compared to that of the 5s-states. Furthermore, projected density of states (PDOS) analysis indicate that no bond is formed between the surface Al atoms and clusters. A Bader charge transfer analysis reveals that Re-rich clusters transfer electrons to the γ-Al2O3 substrate, while the opposite is true for their Pt-rich counterparts. Finally, various cluster nucleation pathways are investigated finding that the most favorable nucleation routes lead to the Re3Pt2 and Re5 clusters, while the coalescence of Pt atoms into Pt clusters is energetically unfavorable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122157
JournalSurface Science
Volume725
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
LEGG acknowledges CONACYT for a PhD scholarship. LOPB thanks financial support from CONACYT for support through Project 285218 and DGAPA-UNAM (PAPIIT) under Projects IA102218 and IN116020 , as well as cpu-time at Supercómputo UNAM (Miztli) through a DGTIC-UNAM grant LANCAD-UNAM-DGTIC-307. APA is also grateful to CONACYT for support through Project A1-S-39326 .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

Keywords

  • Ab-initio global optimization
  • Cluster fragmentation
  • Re-Pt clusters
  • Supported clusters

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