Digestive Enzymes from Marine Sources

Juan Antonio Noriega Rodríguez, Ramiro Baeza Jiménez, Hugo Sergio García

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A marine enzyme may be a unique protein molecule not found in any terrestrial organism, or it may be a known enzyme from a terrestrial source but with novel properties. Major sources of marine enzymes are byproducts produced as a result of fish and shellfish processing, such as the viscera, heads, skin, bones, exoskeletons and shells. This chapter first talks about biodiversity and availability of the marine sources as well as properties of marine catalysts such as salt and pH tolerance, barophilicity, and cold adaptivity. Next, it presents some useful enzymes have already been isolated and applied in the food industry, including digestive proteolytic enzymes such as gastric, serine and cysteine and extremophilic enzymes such as thiol proteases, lipases, polyphenol oxidases (PPOs), chitinolytic enzymes, muscle proteases, transglutaminase. Finally, the chapter lists some food-industry applications of marine enzymes. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationMarine Proteins and Peptides: Biological Activities and Applications
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9781118375068
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Mar 2013

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