Graptolites from the early Tremadocian Anisograptus matanensis Biozone are identified from east-central Sonora, northwestern Mexico, within a carbonate-shelf succession deposited on the southwestern continental shelf margin of Laurentia. This is the second occurrence of typical anisograptid graptolites in Mexico, after its original record in the Oaxaca area, which belongs to a Gondwana-related paleogeographical realm. The graptolites from Sonora represent the second global occurrence of any member of the Rhabdinopora flabelliformis group in the Ordovician equatorial shelf region.
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- graptolite biostratigraphy
- paleoequatorial shelf