Effect of CeO 2 on the Glass Structure of Sodium Germanate Glasses

Josefina Alvarado-Rivera, David A. Rodríguez-Carvajal, Milka del C. Acosta-Enríquez, María B. Manzanares-Martínez, Enrique Álvarez, Rosendo Lozada-Morales, Gerardo C. Díaz, Aned de Leon, Ma. E. Zayas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Germanate glasses have potential applications as optical fibers. Materials doped with rare earth ions are good candidates for optical, lasing, and magnetic applications. Based on the ternary system, CeO2–Na2O–GeO2 a series of six glasses were fabricated using powder fusion, and varying the Na2O content from
0 to 45 mol%, and a CeO2 content constant at 3 mol%. The glasses were analyzed by FT-IR, Raman and X-ray photoelectron (XPS) spectroscopies to obtain information about the glass structure, cerium oxidation’s state and how it is introduced in the glass network. FT-IR and Raman spectra revealed the presence of GeO6 and GeO4 groups as well as Q2 and Q3 units in the glasses with alkali low content. XPS spectra analysis revealed that the cerium ions were reduced from Ce4+ to Ce3+. The nonbonding to total oxygen ratio was estimated from the curve fitting of the O 1s core level spectra. Density and elastic parameters showed a nonlineal tendency in the change of the physical properties as a function of Na2O content. Finally, photoluminescence spectroscopy confirmed the presence of Ce3+ ions. The characteristic 4f ? 5d electronic transitions at 360 nm were detected, when a 280 nm excitation line of pulsed laser was used as excitation source.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3494-3500
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number11
StatePublished - 27 Aug 2014


  • Germanate glasses
  • cerium oxide
  • XPS characterization
  • Photoluminescence
  • Raman spectroscopy

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