Effect of Chitosan and Temperature on Spore Germination of Aspergillus niger

Maribel Plascencia-Jatomea, Gustavo Viniegra, Roberto Olayo, Maria Monica Castillo-Ortega, Keiko Shirai

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inhibition of radial growth and spore germination of Aspergillus niger in media with added chitosan were detected. The highest radial growth inhibition (73%) was determined at 24 h with 3 g · L-1of chitosan, and the percent inhibition of spore germination was 40% after 13 h of inoculation. Further, the CC50, that is, the concentration at which spore germination is inhibited by 50%, was estimated by probit analysis (3.5 g · L-1). The activation energies, EAwere estimated by an Arrhenius model in control and amended chitosan media, obtaining 35.6 and 36.6 kcal · mol-1, respectively. These values were in the same order of magnitude because chitosan as inhibitor was more effective at low temperature (≤ 18°C). Hence synergism of temperature and chitosan were only observed at 12 and 18°C. Therefore, the maximal percentage of germinated spores, Smaxwas also affected by low temperatures in chitosan-amended media with estimated values lower than 70% at temperatures < 37°C whereas in control media Smaxreached values close to 100%. Scanning electron micrographs showed that chitosan produced spore aggregation and morphological anomalies affecting swelling, germ tube emergence, and polarization.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages582-586
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2003
EventMacromolecular Bioscience -
Duration: 15 Oct 2003 → …

Conference

ConferenceMacromolecular Bioscience
Period15/10/03 → …

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