Conventional plastic materials accumulation has led to a constant search to develop friendly packaging, edible coatings from biopolymers are an example. Since different proteins have different behavior and plastizicer compatibility, in this work, the effect of different polyalcohols (glycerol, sorbitol, maltitol, mannitol, and xylitol) as plasticizers on squid protein films behavior was studied. The results show that except for mannitol, transparent, and flexible films can be obtained. None of them showed transmission to light on the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum. However, only glycerol and sorbitol were sufficiently flexible to evaluate their mechanical properties, in which glycerol had a more elastic behavior with an elongation at a break of 920% and tensile strength (TS) of 0.94 MPa, while sorbitol exhibited a more plastic behavior with an elongation at break of 511% and a TS of 4.41 MPa. Water-vapor transmission rate was higher in glycerol, with 194.41 g·m-2d-1, while sorbitol had 44.27 g·m-2d-1 but presented blooming. This could be due to low interaction between sorbitol and the protein matrix, correlating with the film-solubility results. Amide I band of the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra demonstrated higher denaturation and loss of alpha helical structure in glycerol film, followed by maltitol/sorbitol, xylitol, mannitol, and the control film. This in accordance with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results. The results of this study prove that only glycerol and sorbitol are suitable to obtain a see-through flexible film.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by CONACyT for the support given for this research (No. 222150).
© 2019 by the authors.
- Edible films
- Packaging materials