Electrospun Cellulose Acetate Membranes Coated with Polypyrrole and Their Potential Application in the Recovery of Metals

Mariá M. Castillo-Ortega, Diego Hernández-Martínez, Irela Santos-Sauceda, Damián F. Plascencia-Martínez, Juana Alvarado-Ibarra, José L. Cabellos-Quiroz, Yaeel I. Cornejo-Ramírez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of polypyrrole (PPy) on cellulose acetate (CA) membranes prepared by the electrospinning technique (controlled variables) in the recovery of gold complexes of aqueous solutions that are environmentally ecofriendly. CA-PPy membranes were characterized by SEM, EDS, FTIR spectroscopy, contact angle measurements, electrical conductivity, and mechanical tests. They were submerged in two aqueous solutions using two gold complexes, AuI2- and AuBr4-, at room temperature. The recovery percentage was evaluated for several hours using the atomic adsorption technique for both complexes. The main findings indicate that the percentage of recovery in the first hours of the test was very high (>80%). The adsorption efficiency maxima were similar for both complexes (91%). The Langmuir model suggests the formation of a monolayer on the surface. The electrical conductivity did not change over time, and the mechanical properties indicate reuse in several experiments. Furthermore, the theoretical analysis showed that the system is helpful at acidic pH, funding its minimum energy. It is shown in this study that the used CA-PPy membranes show adsorption, absorption, and reusable properties with the effective recovery of the complexes in the first hours. These membranes could substitute for materials that are not environmentally ecofriendly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31059-31068
Number of pages10
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Sep 2022

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© 2022 American Chemical Society.

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