Emplacement temperature resolution and age determination of Cerro Colorado tuff ring by paleomagnetic analysis, El Pinacate Volcanic Field, Sonora, Mexico

L. M. Alva-Valdivia, A. Rodríguez-Trejo, J. R. Vidal-Solano, F. Paz-Moreno, A. Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The lithic in the Cerro Colorado tephra deposits is dominated by clasts from shallow country rocks for a diatreme not well mixed, or, by a combination of material that reflects the relative proportions of country rock in a well-mixed diatreme. The clasts in a tephra ring bed might be ideal to use the paleomagnetic study to determine the emplacement temperature. We report emplacement temperature ranges of pyroclastic lithic fragments from the Cerro Colorado Tuff Ring in the El Pinacate Volcanic Field, Sonora, northwestern Mexico. Paleomagnetic analyses, particularly the thermoremanent magnetization procedure was carried out in 38 small cores, drilled from the 10 to 30 cm in size lithic fragments. It estimates the emplacement temperature ranges of the juvenile basaltic cauliflower bombs and not-juvenile diverse blocks produced in the phreatomagmatic eruption. Titanomagnetite and titanohematite are the main magnetic carriers, along with titanomaghemite. The 22 emplacement temperatures determined in this study are grouped in three temperature ranges, low (310–370 °C), medium (400–460 °C) and high (>500 °C). The low and medium temperature samples show two or more components, while the high temperature samples have, in general, only one component. This wide range of emplacement temperature could be related to the composite thermal history of the pyroclastic material incorporated in the water saturated pyroclastic flow deposit. The comparison of the mean direction of the secondary magnetization component with the secular variation curve of the global model SHA.DIF.14, suggests an age of 3915 ± 59 yr. BP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-154
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume369
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Cerro Colorado
  • Dating determination
  • El Pinacate Volcanic Field
  • Emplacement temperature
  • Mexico
  • Paleomagnetic analysis
  • Sonora

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