In this work, it is reported the gold nanoparticles synthesis, their characterization, and their application to the enhancement of the thermal transport in a cellular culture medium. The Au nanoparticles (NPs), with average size of 10 nm, contained into a culture medium (DMEM (1)/F12(1)) (CM) increased considerably the heat transfer in the medium. Thermal lens spectrometry (TLS) was used to measure the thermal diffusivity of the nanofluids. The characteristic time constant of the transient thermal lens was obtained by fitting the theoretical expression, for transient thermal lens, to the experimental data. Our results show that the thermal diffusivity of the culture medium is highly sensitive to the Au nanoparticle concentration and size. The ability to modify the thermal properties to nanometer scale becomes very important in medical applications as in the case of cancer treatment by using photodynamic therapy (PDT). A complementary study with UV-vis and TEM techniques was performed to characterize the Au nanoparticles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are thankful to the Mexican Agencies, CONACYT, COFAA, and EDI for financial support of this work.
- Thermal properties of small particle
- Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)