Evidence of Euryhalinity of the Gulf Corvina (Cynoscion othonopterus)

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Abstract

The effects of environmental salinity on physiological responses, growth, and survival of the Gulf corvina, C. othonopterus, were evaluated in a 6-week completely randomized design experiment. Corvina (17.2±2.3 g mean initial body weight) were subjected to salinities of 5, 15, 25, and 35 ‰ and fed a commercial feed with protein and lipid contents of 46 and 14 %, respectively. Plasma osmolality increased significantly with salinity, ranging from 335.1±5.3 mOsm/kg in fish maintained at 5 ‰, to 354.8±6.8 mOsm/kg in fish kept in seawater, while a significant inverse relationship was observed between salinity and moisture content of whole fish, ranging from 73.8±0.7 (measured at 5 ‰) to 76.9±1.0 % (measured at 35 ‰). In spite of this, growth indices (final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate, condition factor, survival) were not altered, suggesting that, like other members of the family Sciaenidae, the Gulf corvina is a strong osmoregulator. The isosmotic point for this species was estimated to correspond to a salinity of 9.8 ‰. The present study represents the first set of experimental data on salinity tolerance of C. othonopterus and confirms the euryhalinity of this species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-666
Number of pages8
JournalPhysiological Research
Volume63
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Institute of Physiology v.v.i., Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.

Keywords

  • Salinity
  • Osmolality
  • Euryhaline
  • Cynoscion othonopterus

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