Experimental and theoretical investigation on the molecular structure, spectroscopic and electric properties of 2,4-dinitrodiphenylamine, 2-nitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)aniline and 4-bromo-2-nitroaniline

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Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. 2,4-Dinitrodiphenylamine (I), 2-nitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)aniline (II) and 4-bromo-2-nitroaniline (III) have been investigated by DFT and experimental FTIR, Raman and UV-Vis spectroscopies. The gas-phase molecular geometries were consistent with similar compounds already reported in the literature. From the vibrational analysis, the main functional groups were identified and their absorption bands were assigned. Some differences were found between the calculated and the experimental UV-Vis spectra. These differences were analyzed and explained in terms of the TD-DFT/B3LYP limitations, which were mainly attributed to charge-transfer (CT) effects. These findings were in agreement with previous works, which reported that TD-DFT/B3LYP calculations diverge from experimental results when the electronic transitions involve CT. Despite this, TD-DFT/B3LYP calculations provided satisfactory results and a detailed description of the electronic transitions involved in the absorption bands of the UV-Vis spectra. In terms of the NLO properties, it was found that compound (I) is a good candidate for NLO applications and deserves further study due to its good β values. However, the β values for compounds (II) and (III) were negatively affected compared to those found on o-nitroaniline.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)240-253
Number of pages14
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Oct 2015

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