Flame Sprayed LaNi5-Based Mischmetal Alloy: Building-up Negative Electrodes for Potential Application in Ni-Based Batteries

Carlos A. Poblano-Salas, Oscar Sotelo-Mazón, John Henao*, Jorge Corona-Castuera, Gabriela Martinez, Maura Casales-Diaz, Jesus Porcayo-Calderón, Kar Tathagata, Maria Navarro, Mohan Kumar Kesarla

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

AB5-type metal hydrides have received important attention over the last few decades because of their capacity to reversibly absorb hydrogen. The AB5-type alloys have been widely used as negative electrodes in Nickel metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries, replacing the toxic counterparts that are present in Ni-Cd systems. Until now, fabrication of this type of electrode is often carried out by dry compaction, wet paste, and dry paste methods. In the present study, the oxyacetylene combustion flame spray process is explored as an alternative method for the production of LaNi5-based Mischmetal electrodes. A factorial experimental design has been proposed to optimize processing conditions in order to obtain negative electrodes for Ni-MH cells. The results of this work have shown that negative electrodes can be successfully fabricated by flame spray and that the thermal spraying processing conditions employed resulted in different levels of porosity and thickness. LaNi5-based porous coatings were selected after thermal spray optimization and their electrochemical performance was evaluated in a 6M KOH electrolyte. The results also revealed that the change in the chemical composition of the electrodes during thermal spraying significantly affects the electrochemical performance by reducing 49% the hydrogen storage capacity with respect to that of the feedstock material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1940-1956
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank the support provided by the Mexican National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), especially the Cátedras program, Project Number 848. The authors also acknowledge the support of the Mexican Ministry of Energy through the “CONACYT-SENER-Sustentabilidad Energética” Project Number 232611. This project was possible due to the collaboration between CIATEQ A.C. and ICF-UNAM. The experimental work was carried out at CIATEQ A.C-National Laboratory of Thermal Spray (CENAPROT) facilities and also in the Materials Science Laboratory at ICF-UNAM Campus Morelos. Authors also want to thank J.J. Ramos-Hernandez (MSc), Elmer Lugo (BSc), and Juanita Hincapie (MSc) for the technical support provided. The authors would like to dedicate this work to the memory of Dr. Lorenzo Martinez-Gomez, whom dedication and kindness continue inspiring the new generations dedicated to science and technology in Mexico.

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank the support provided by the Mexican National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT), especially the C?tedras program, Project Number 848. The authors also acknowledge the support of the Mexican Ministry of Energy through the ?CONACYT-SENER-Sustentabilidad Energ?tica? Project Number 232611. This project was possible due to the collaboration between CIATEQ A.C. and ICF-UNAM. The experimental work was carried out at CIATEQ A.C-National Laboratory of Thermal Spray (CENAPROT) facilities and also in the Materials Science Laboratory at ICF-UNAM Campus Morelos. Authors also want to thank J.J. Ramos-Hernandez (MSc), Elmer Lugo (BSc), and Juanita Hincapie (MSc) for the technical support provided. The authors would like to dedicate this work to the memory of Dr. Lorenzo Martinez-Gomez, whom dedication and kindness continue inspiring the new generations dedicated to science and technology in Mexico.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, ASM International.

Keywords

  • Ni-MH battery
  • coating
  • flame spray
  • intermetallic
  • negative electrode

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