Food Insecurity Was Associated with Lower Fruits and Vegetables Consumption but Not with Overweight and Obesity in Children from Mexican Fishing Communities

Karla D Murillo-Castillo, Edward A Frongillo, María Alba Corella-Madueño, Trinidad Quizán-Plata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Food insecurity has been associated with decreased household food supplies, which could affect children's fruit and vegetables intakes and increases their risk of being overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to determine if food insecurity was associated with lower fruit and vegetables consumption and overweight and obesity in children from Mexican fishing communities. A cross-sectional study was 4conducted with 100 elementary-school children aged 6-12 years. A survey that evaluated socioeconomic conditions, food insecurity, and fruits and vegetables consumption was applied. Weight and height were measured. The association between key variables and food insecurity was assessed using linear regression. Sixty-four percent of households experienced food insecurity. Food-insecure children reported lower consumption of fruits and fruits plus vegetables than did their peers with food security (P trend = 0.040 and 0.038, respectively). Food insecurity was also associated with lower chance to meet the recommendation of fruit and vegetable consumption (P trend in logit < 0.001), but was negatively associated with the prevalence of overweight and obesity (P trend in logit < 0.001). Food-insecure children had lower fruits and vegetables consumption but were no more likely to be overweight or obese than their food-secure counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalEcology of Food and Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Mar 2020

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