Geochronology and geothermometry of the Laramide metamorphism in the Cambrian metabasalts from the Cerro Rajón Formation, Caborca region, northwest Mexico

Barrón Díaz Arturo J*, Paz Moreno Francisco A, Miggins Daniel P, Iriondo Alexander

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early Cambrian volcanic rocks characterized by pyroclastic and lava flows of basaltic composition form the Cerro Rajón Formation are exposed in the Caborca region, northwest Sonora, Mexico. These rocks underwent greenschist facies metamorphism characterized by a metamorphic paragenesis of actinolite, sphene, chlorite, epidote and calcite with minor interstitial albite. This mineralogical association was characterized by electron microprobe analysis. Metamorphic temperatures were calculated by amphibole-plagioclase geothermometry, which indicates temperatures as high as 548 ± 40 °C. U–Pb geochronology of the pluton that may cause the metamorphism yielded an age of 71.1 ± 0.4 Ma, and an average estimated temperature of 664 ± 40 °C. Preliminary pressures in this intrusive show an average of 3.08 ± 1.5 kbar. Two metamorphic events where identified by 40 Ar/ 39 Ar geochronology. Metabasalt samples from the western part of the study area yielded ages from 55.89 ± 0.6 Ma to 60.26 ± 0.33 Ma, while an age of 81.37 ± 0.81 Ma was obtained from a sample collected in the eastern part. Combined results suggest that Laramide intrusives metamorphosed the Neoproterozoic and Cambrian rocks in the Caborca region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of South American Earth Sciences
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

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