Both increased serum ferritin levels and Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation show independent association with the inflammatory processes. During inflammation, cell activation and apoptosis are accompanied by the release of membrane-derived microparticles (MPs), which are considered to be mediators of intercellular communication as they induce specific responses in target cells. The aim of this study was to determine whether glycated and glycoxidated ferritin induce in vitro release TLR microparticles from CD14+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stimulated with glycated, glycoxidated and native ferritin. The release of microparticles from CD14+ cells, the presence of TLR2+ and TLR4+ on the microparticles surface and the presence of interleukins-6 and -8 (IL-6 and IL-8) inside the microparticles after stimulation were determined by flow cytometry. The role of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) was evaluated by pretreatment of the cells with the Bay 11-7085 inhibitor. Glycated and glycoxidated ferritin induced the release of microparticles from CD14+ cells, the majority of which expressed TLR2+ and TLR4+ on their surface and contained IL-6 and IL-8. These effects were dependent on NF-κB activation. Our findings show that glycated and glycoxidated ferritin might be involved in the release of microparticles and stimulation of inflammatory responses.https://doi.org/10.2298/ABS160614106LReceived: June 14, 2016; Revised: August 20, 2016; Accepted: August 22, 2016; Published online: October 31, 2016How to cite: López-Soto LF, Galván-Moroyoqui JM, Martínez-Soto JM, Almada-Balderrama M, Rosales-Ruiz AP, Álvarez-Hernández G, Camacho Villa AY, Bolado Martínez E, Soto-Guzmán JA, Candia-Plata MDC. Glycoxidated ferritin induces the release of microparticles positive for toll-like receptors derived from peripheral blood CD14+ cells. Arch Biol Sci. 2017;69(3):383-90.
- Toll-like receptor (TLR)