This article analyzes the perception of indigenous peoples from Sonora regarding infrastructure and quality of education for the instruction of their descendants. This research involved 1,329 people, with an average age of 50 and standard deviation of 16 years, from which 928 were women and 401 were men. Results indicate the prevalence of a perceived lack of infrastructure to improve quality of education for indigenous children and youth. In addition, we found differences between the seven indigenous peoples with regard to educational problems. Groups that are better placed, in terms of access to education, are those that exhibit larger displacement of their native language.