IoT-Enabled System for Detection, Monitoring, and Tracking of Nuclear Materials

Carlos A. Hernández-Gutiérrez*, Marcelo Delgado-del-Carpio, Lizette A. Zebadúa-Chavarría, Héctor R. Hernández-de-León, Elias N. Escobar-Gómez, Manuel Quevedo-López

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A low-cost embedded system for high-energy radiation detection applications was developed for national security proposes, mainly to detect nuclear material and send the detection event to the cloud in real time with tracking capabilities. The proof of concept was built with state-of-the-art electronics such as an adequate Si-based photodetector, a trans-impedance amplifier, an ARM Cortex M4 microcontroller with sufficient ADC capture capabilities, an ESP8266 Internet of Things (IoT) module, an optimized Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) protocol, a MySQL data base, and a Python handler program. The system is able to detect alfa particles and send the nuclear detection events to the CloudMQTT servers. Moreover, the detection message records the date and time of the ionization event for the tracking application, and due to a particular MQTT-optimized protocol the message is sent with low latency. Furthermore, the designed system was validated with a standard radiation instrumentation preamplifier 109A system from ORTEC company, and more than one node was demonstrated with an internet connection employing a 20,000 bits/s CloudMQTT plan. Therefore, the design can be escalated to produce a robust big data multisensor network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3042
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • IoT applications
  • MQTT
  • low latency
  • monitoring network
  • radiation detection

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