Luminescence properties of Eu3+ complexes based on macrocyclic ligands and its colorimetric analysis for white warm phosphor

Alex J. Salazar-Medina, Rosa Elena Navarro, Hisila Santacruz-Ortega, Angel Ulises Orozco-Valencia, R. I. Lopéz-Esquivel, Yedith Soberanes*, Ch J. Salas-Juárez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of phosphors for warm white light plays a decisive role in the quest for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly lighting technologies. Lanthanide-based phosphors, especially those containing europium ions (Eu3+), offer promising possibilities as they can emit light in the entire visible spectrum. In this study, the luminescence properties of two Eu3+ complexes, specifically [Eucy1a] and [Eu2cy2], synthesized with macrocyclic ligands are presented. The macrocyclic ligands (cy1a)H3 and (cy2)H6 provide a stable coordination environment that allows fine-tuning of photophysical properties, which are crucial for warm white phosphors. Synthesis, molecular modeling using density functional theory (DFT) and spectroscopic characterization of the complexes were performed. Notably, the complexes showed an inefficient energy transfer from the ligands to the Eu3+ ions, resulting in a broad blue emission spectrum corresponding to the ligand emission and the red 4f–4f transitions of Eu3+,which is important for the generation of white light. Photometric evaluation revealed favorable properties, including correlated color temperatures (CCT) indicative of warm white light, high color rendering index (CRI) values and exceptional Luminous Efficacy of Radiation (LER). In addition, the presence of coordinated water molecules influenced the luminescence lifetime and quantum efficiency of the complexes. Overall, the synthesized Eu3+ complexes show promising prospects for applications in solid-state lighting, LED designs and emergency technologies that offer high performance and energy efficiency. Graphical Abstract: (Figure presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1064
JournalOptical and Quantum Electronics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2024.


  • Eu complexes
  • Macrocyclic ligands
  • Warm white phosphors


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