Modelo para estimar la extensión del bulbo de humedecimiento del suelo en riego por goteo

Translated title of the contribution: Modeling to estimate the dimensions of the wet bulb in trickle irrigation

Fidencio Cruz-Bautista*, Alejandro Zermeño-González, Vicente Álvarez-Reyna, Pedro Cano-Ríos, Miguel Rivera-González, Mario Siller-González

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The shape and volume of the wet soil resulting from the application of water by emitters is the most important factor in the design of trickle irrigation systems. The wet soil volume represents the amount of stored water, and the extension, depth and diameter should coincide with the radicle system of the plants and the spacing between emitters and irrigation lines. Therefore, the objective of this work was to develop equations to describe the advance of water in the wet bulb with a trickle irrigation system. Information related to soil wetting patterns and physical and hydraulic characteristics were used with three different textures to develop two equations. The results show that these equations describe the lateral and vertical advance of the water in the wet bulb of sandy-loam, clay-loam and silty-loam soils with a reliability of 90 to 94%. These equations show that the extension of the wet bulb depends on the volume of water applied, the flow of the emitter, the saturated hydraulic conductivity, initial and residual moisture contents of the soil and the silt content. The results demonstrate that these equations can be used to estimate the extension of the wet bulb in the soil with a localized irrigation system, and thereby determine the number of emitters needed to moisten the volume of soil required.

Translated title of the contributionModeling to estimate the dimensions of the wet bulb in trickle irrigation
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalTecnologia y Ciencias del Agua
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
El estudio se realizó en tres texturas de suelo localizadas en la región lagunera de Coahuila, México. La primer textura de suelo correspon-dió a un franco limoso, situado en el campo experimental de la Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro Unidad Laguna. La segunda textura correspondió a un franco arcilloso, situado en el Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, y la tercer clase textural de suelo correspondió a un franco arenoso, situado en el Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, ubicado en Matamoros Coahuila.


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