Molecular recognition of phenethylamine, tyramine and dopamine with new anionic cyclophanes in aqueous media

Michiko B. Inoue*, Enrique F. Velazquez, Motomichi Inoue, Quintus Fernando

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Water-soluble cyclophanes functionalized by amide groups and pendant carboxymethyl groups have been synthesized, in a single step, by a condensation reaction between ethylenediaminetetraacetic (EDTA) dianhydride and bis(4-aminophenyl) ether or bis(4-aminophenyl)methane: cyclophanes obtained are 2,9,25,32-tetraoxo-4,7,27,30-tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10,24,27,30,33- octaaza-17,40-dioxa[]-paracyclophane (1) and 2,9,25,32-tetraoxo-4,7,27,30-tetrakiS(carboxymethyl)-1,4 7,10,24,27,30,33-octaaza[]paracyclophane (2). Their complexation with 2-phenylethylamine (phenethylamine), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylamine (tyramine) and 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethylamine (dopamme), which have biologically important activities, has been studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy in aqueous media. The formation constants of 1:1 host-guest complexes, K = [HG]/[H][G], have been determined as: log K = 0.8 for 1-phenethylamine; 1.2 for 1-tyramine; 1.2 for 1-dopamine; 1.6 for 2-phenethylamine; 20 for 2-tyramine Dopamine and 2 form a complex with low water-solubility. The chemical shifts of aromatic protons of the host and guest molecules suggest the formation of inclusion complexes in solutions. The formation of the host-guest complexes is assisted by a hydrogen bond and/or an electrostatic interaction between the pendant -CH2CO2- group of the host and the -CH2CH2NH3+ arm of the guest molecule. The two types of molecular recognition sites of the new cyclophanes result in the selective complex formation with the aromatic amines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2113-2118
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1997


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