Nanoindentation testing of SiO2-PMMA hybrid films on acrylic substrates with variable coupling agent content

J. Alvarado-Rivera, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Ramírez-Bon

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28 Scopus citations


In this work we report the influence of the molar composition of the coupling agent, as well as the curing conditions on the mechanical properties of SiO2-PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) hybrid films deposited on organic acrylic substrates. The SiO2-PMMA hybrid films were deposited by the sol-gel method from hybrid precursor solutions with fixed molar ratio of 1:0.25 for TEOS/MMA (Tetraethyl-orthosilicate/Methylmethacrylate) and TEOS/TMSPM (3-trimethoxysilyl propyl methacrylate) molar ratios ranging from 1:0.05 to 1:0.2. The organic compound TMSPM was used as coupling agent to enhance the bond between the organic and inorganic molecules. The wear resistance, hardness and elastic modulus of the hybrid films were determined by nanoindentation techniques and compared to the substrate mechanical behaviour. The chemical bonding in the hybrid films was analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and their transparency by optical transmission and reflection spectroscopy. The friction coefficient and sliding life of the hybrid films were also measured with a pin-on-disc tribometer. The surface morphology and roughness were determined from atomic force microscopy images. The hybrid films with lowest content of coupling agent showed the best mechanical performance in terms of hardness, friction coefficient and wear resistance keeping high optical transparency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-318
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This work was financially supported by CONACYT.


  • Hybrid coatings
  • Nano-indentation
  • Nanoscratching
  • Pin on disc
  • Sliding life
  • Sol-gel


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