Oil quality evaluation of eleven sonoran desert leguminous seeds

M. Ortega-Nieblas*, L. Vázquez-Moreno, M. R. Y Robles-Burgueño

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In order to generate information that lead to an efficient and diversificate use of the natural resources that the Sonoran Desert offers, as it is the great variety of Leguminosae or Fabaceae plants, oils from seeds or Prosopis chilensis, Prosopis velutina (mezquite), Cercidium floridium (palo azul), Cercidium praecox (palo de brea), Acacia constricta (vinorama), Acacia cymbyspina (chirahui), Acacia occidentalis (tesota), Acacia mcmurphy (tepehuaje), Desmanthus palmeri (mezquitillo), Caesalpinia caladenia (palo dorado), and Caesalpinia pumila (palo piojo) were analyzed. The oils were extracted from each seed with hexane, and their physicochemical characteristics were evaluated. The oil content varied from 9 to 16% in the different seeds. Their indexes of acidity, peroxides and free fatty acid content were low and within the accepted values. Fatty acids separated by gas chromatography predominating indicate the oleic and linoleic. All analyzed crude oils were of good quality, comparable to commercial and oils of wild legume seeds from the same region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-162
Number of pages5
JournalGrasas y Aceites
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Leguminous
  • Mexico
  • Physico-chemical study
  • Seed oil
  • Sonoran desert


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