Optical properties and functional groups characterization of commercial HPHT micro-diamond samples

María Claudia Calderón-Martínez, María Inés Gil-Tolano, Sofía Navarro-Espinoza, Rodrigo Meléndrez, Valery Chernov, Marcelino Barboza-Flores*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present work, we provide a detailed characterization of commercial high-pressure, high-temperature microdiamond (HPHT-MD) powders composed of particles of different micron range sizes, with the purpose to assess the diamond crystal quality, defects, and surface composition of commercially available microdiamond specimens. The properties and potential applications of HPHT-MD depend on the morphological and structural characteristics, impurities content, surface chemistry, HPHT process, cleaning, and purification methods used. Commonly this important information is unknown and not provided by the suppliers. Four commercial HPHT-MD powders samples with 10–600 μm range size, acquired from PlasmaChem GmbH, were characterized by Raman, Photoluminescence (PL), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Energy-dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The findings indicated that the samples were composed of various polyhedral crystals of different sizes that exhibited a characteristic XRD spectrum of cubic structure with peaks at 43.8° and 75.5° attributed to the (111) and (220) planes, respectively. Raman spectra exhibit a peak around 1327 cm−1 and 1334 cm−1 related to the sp3 carbon bond, and a broad band around 1440 cm−1 assigned to the presence of trans-polyacetylene. FTIR spectroscopy and XPS studies allowed the identification of the diamond C–C bond, sp3 hybridized carbon, C–H bonds, C–O, OH, and C[dbnd]O functional groups. Despite the complex elemental composition, it was found that the FTIR spectra for randomly selected specimens were similar. Furthermore, EDS indicated that the crystals are composed of C (76.2–94.5 wt%) and O, Al, Fe, Br, Ca, Si, Mg, and N in smaller concentrations. Our results demonstrate that the HPHT-MD samples possess optical, structural, and surface properties comparable to those of high-quality synthetic diamond, making them suitable for biosensor applications and radiation detection and dosimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112592
JournalOptical Materials
Volume131
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the financial supports from CONACYT, Proyecto No. 0222610, Fondo Sectorial de Investigación para la Educación. The authors acknowledge support from Ing. Roberto Mora Monroy for her assistance in XPS measurements. We gratefully acknowledgement the use of Raman (Laboratorio de Biofísica, DIFUS), SEM/XRD (Laboratorio de Cristalografía y Geoquímica, DG) and FTIR spectroscopy (DIPM) facilities from the Universidad de Sonora. MCCM is grateful to CONACYT for a graduate student fellowship.

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the financial supports from CONACYT , Proyecto No. 0222610 , Fondo Sectorial de Investigación para la Educación. The authors acknowledge support from Ing. Roberto Mora Monroy for her assistance in XPS measurements. We gratefully acknowledgement the use of Raman (Laboratorio de Biofísica, DIFUS), SEM/XRD (Laboratorio de Cristalografía y Geoquímica, DG) and FTIR spectroscopy (DIPM) facilities from the Universidad de Sonora. MCCM is grateful to CONACYT for a graduate student fellowship.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • FTIR absorption spectra
  • HPHT microdiamond
  • PL spectra
  • Raman spectra

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