The refining process applied to soybean oil (SBO) in order to obtain the desirable purity characteristics as edible oil, produces chemical changes by partially removing desirable components such as tocopherols. In this study, the effect of temperature (76.4-143.6°C), contact time (6.4-73.6min) and clay amount (0.16-1.84% w/w) on tocopherol content and quality of SBO were evaluated. Neutralised soybean oil was subjected to bleaching using different clay amounts (Tonsil Optimum 320 FF), stirring (250rpm), and partial vacuum (60mmHg). A response surface methodology (RSM) was used to find the parameters that produce bleached oil with minimum peroxide value (PV), maximum tocopherol retention (TOCR) and light colour. The optimal bleaching conditions for SBO were: temperature, 96°C; time, 23min; clay amount, 1.4% w/w oil. Under these conditions, a bleached soybean oil with 0.1meq/kg of PV, 91.74% of TOCR, and colour 1.53 Lovibond red value units was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-449
Number of pages7
JournalFood Science and Technology International
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2005


  • Bleaching
  • Colour
  • Soybean oil


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