Photocurrent Enhancement by Copper Incorporation in Chemical-Solution-Synthesized Inorganic Lead Perovskite Thin Films

Igor Borges-Doren, Dagoberto Cabrera-German, Rodrigo Meléndrez Amavizca, Hailin Hu, Mérida Sotelo-Lerma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Perovskite thin films are at the forefront of highly promising photovoltaic technologies due to their remarkable optoelectronic properties. Herein, we explore a low-cost, reproducible, and industry-scalable methodology to synthesize an all-inorganic CsPbI1.5Br1.5 perovskite thin film with additional incorporation of copper and chloride ions into the lattice structure. The synthesis process involves chemical bath deposition of PbS, followed by a gas-solid iodination reaction to yield PbI2. Subsequently, dip-coating incorporates Cs+, Cu2+, Br-, and Cl- ions into PbI2, and annealing at 270 °C produces perovskite thin films. The results show a large coverage area and a uniform thickness of each perovskite thin film. Comprehensive characterization, including X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence, provides the structural, chemical, and optical properties of the synthesized thin films. To evaluate the practical implications of our methodology, we fabricated photodetectors employing CsPbI1.5Br1.5 and (Cs0.95:Cu0.01)PbI1.5Br1.3Cl0.1 perovskite films. A comparative analysis unequivocally demonstrates a significant increase in photodetector performance when utilizing (Cs0.95:Cu0.01)PbI1.5Br1.3Cl0.1 perovskite films. While our findings quantitatively assess the tangible enhancement in photocurrent, we acknowledge the potential for improvement in device fabrication to enhance the overall performance. This study not only affirms the successful low-cost synthesis of perovskite thin films but also emphasizes the pivotal role of Cu2+ and Cl- ions in enhancing the performance of perovskite-based optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14985-14996
Number of pages12
JournalACS Omega
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2024

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© 2024 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.


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