Physical characteristics and chemical constituents of Jatropha cinerea seeds

J. P. Lovio-Fragoso, N. Gámez-Meza, C. C. Molina-Domínguez, C. Hayano-Kanashiro, L. A. Medina-Juárez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Jatropha cinerea is a wild native plant from northwestern Mexico characterized by adapting to subtropical and dry climates (with rainfall below 200 mm) with long periods of drought. It grows in saline soils along the coast and in rocky areas. It has been reported that the seeds of other species of the same genus contain oil with great potential for biodiesel production. The presence of antioxidant compounds has also been reported in the oil and other tissues of Jatropha species. However, this is the first study that reports phenolic compounds in Jatropha cinerea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition of Jatropha cinerea seeds. The seed of this species showed 36.54+0.77% oil. The major fatty acids in the oil from Jatropha cinerea seeds were oleic and linoleic acids. Furthermore, 220.01+15.15 ppm of gamma tocopherol in the J. cinerea oil was detected. On the other hand, carotenoids were not found. The phenolic compounds identified in kernel meal from Jatropha cinerea were benzoic acid, coumaric acid, vanillic acid, gallic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, epi-catechin, and quercetin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalRivista Italiana delle Sostanze Grasse
Volume94
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
José Pablo Lovio-Fragoso thanks the Mexican Research Council, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT-549662) for the scholarship granted. This work was supported in part by PROMEP (DSA/10.5/14/7061-Secretariat of Public Education-Mexico).

Keywords

  • Fatty acids
  • Jatropha cinerea
  • Oilseeds
  • Phenolic compounds
  • Tocopherols

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