Prevalence and genotypic diversity of ostreid herpesvirus type 1 in Crassostrea gigas cultured in the Gulf of California, Mexico

María Fernanda Martínez-García, José Manuel Grijalva-Chon, Reina Castro-Longoria, Enrique de Re-Vega, Alejandro Varela-Romero, Jorge Eduardo Chávez-Villalba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In bivalve mollusk aquaculture, massive disease outbreaks with high mortality and large economic losses can occur, as in northwest Mexico in the 1990s. A range of pathogens can affect bivalves; one of great concern is ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1), of which there are several strains. This virus has been detected in the Gulf of California in occasional or sporadic samplings, but to date, there have been few systematic studies. Monthly samples of Crassostrea gigas, water, and sediment were taken in the La Cruz coastal lagoon and analyzed by PCR. The native mollusk, Dosinia ponderosa, which lives outside the lagoon, was sampled as a control. The virus was found throughout the year only in C. gigas, with prevalence up to 60%. In total, 9 genotype variants were detected, and genetic analysis suggests that linear genotypic evolution has occurred from strain JF894308, present in La Cruz in 2011. There has been no evidence of the entry of new viral genotypes in the recent past, thus confinement of the virus within the lagoons of the Gulf of California could promote a native genotypic diversity in the short term.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Aquaculture
  • Crassostrea gigas
  • Mollusk pathology
  • OsHV-1
  • Oyster culture

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