Prevalence of Parent-Reported Food Allergy in a Mexican Pre-School Population

Jesús Gilberto Arámburo-Gálvez, Oscar Gerardo Figueroa-Salcido, Giovanni Isaí Ramírez-Torres, Elí Terán-Cabanillas, Martina Hilda Gracia-Valenzuela, Aldo Alejandro Arvizu-Flores, Cesar Antonio Sánchez-Cárdenas, José Antonio Mora-Melgem, Luisamaria Valdez-Zavala, Feliznando Isidro Cárdenas-Torres*, Noé Ontiveros*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The magnitude and relevance of food allergies in the preschool population remain unknown in most regions of Mexico and Latin America. Thus, our aim was to estimate the parent-reported prevalence of food allergies in a Mexican preschool population and to characterize their clinical diagnosis and presentation. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Culiacán City. A validated questionnaire was utilized. A total of 810 parents responded to the questionnaire (valid response rate, 40.7%). The estimated prevalence rates (95% CI) were: “physician-diagnosed Food Allergy (FA), ever” 5.30% (3.86–7.08); “immediate-type FA, ever” 2.96% (1.91–4.38); “immediate-type FA, current” 1.60% (0.86–2.73); and food-dependent anaphylaxis 1.11% (0.51–2.01). The main food allergens were milk (0.49%), strawberries (0.37%), egg, and soy (0.25% each). Atopic diseases and a family history of allergies were significantly associated with immediate-type FA. Among “immediate-type FA, current” cases, 76.9% required emergency room visits, but the prescription of epinephrine autoinjectors was reported in one case only. The food reactions occurred at home (92.35%), in a relative’s house (38.5), and at restaurants (23%). Immediate-type FA reactions requiring emergency room visits are not uncommon among the studied population. Actions like proper anaphylaxis management and the prevention of cross-contamination of foods should be encouraged.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5095
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • anaphylaxis
  • egg allergy
  • food allergen
  • food allergy
  • milk allergy
  • parent report
  • survey

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