Prevalence of previous diagnosis of hypertension and associated factors in the Yaqui indigenous of Sonora

Alejandro Arturo Castro-Juarez, Araceli Serna-Gutiérrez, José Fernando Lozoya-Villegas, Iván De Jesús Toledo-Domínguez, Rolando Giovanni Díaz-Zavala, Julián Esparza-Romero

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Abstract

© 2018 Asociacion Nacional de Cardiologos de Mexico. All rights reserved. Introduction: The hypertension (HT) is a public health problem worldwide. This disease is a risk factor for heart diseases and, cerebrovascular and renal failure, which are considered the main causes of mortality. Objective: This study aimed to describe factors associated with a previous diagnosis of HT in a group of Yaqui adults from Sonora, Mexico. Material and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study in which 108 individuals ≥ 18 years of age were included. HT was considered as prior diagnosis. In addition, anthropometric assessment, medical history and sociodemographic questionnaires were also applied. The sex- and age adjusted prevalence was estimated using the direct method of standardization using the studied sample as the standard population. The factors associated with previous diagnosis of HT were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: The sex- and age-adjusted prevalence of a previous diagnosis of HT was 12.0% (95% CI: 6.3-17.6) in the overall population. The age-adjusted prevalence in men was 7.1%, and it was 14.0% in women with no significant difference between genders. The independent factors associated with HT were increased waist circumference (cm) (OR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.01-1.14) and a previous diagnosis of diabetes (OR: 4.14, 95% CI: 1.03-16.61). Conclusions: The prevalence of a previous diagnosis of HT was high, and it could be higher after confi rmation of new diagnosis cases in the population. The identifi cation of factors associated with HT may be useful for creating programs to prevent chronic diseases in this ethnic group.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Mexicana de Cardiologia
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

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