Progress and opportunities for monitoring greenhouse gases fluxes in Mexican ecosystems: The MexFlux network

R. Vargas, E. A. Yépez, J. L. Andrade, G. Ángeles, T. Arredondo, A. E. Castellanos, J. Delgado-Balbuena, J. Garatuza-Payán, E. González Del Castillo, W. Oechel, J. C. Rodríguez, A. Sánchez-Azofeifa, E. Velasco, E. R. Vivoni, C. Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Understanding ecosystem processes from a functional point of view is essential to study relationships among climate variability, biogeochemical cycles, and surface-atmosphere interactions. Increasingly during the last decades, the eddy covariance (EC) method has been applied in terrestrial, marine and urban ecosystems to quantify fluxes of greenhouse gases (e.g., CO2, H2O) and energy (e.g., sensible and latent heat). Networks of EC systems have been established in different regions and have provided scientific information that has been used for designing environmental and adaptation policies. In this context, this article outlines the conceptual and technical framework for the establishment of an EC regional network (i.e., MexFlux) to measure the surface-atmosphere exchange of heat and greenhouse gases in Mexico. The goal of the network is to improve our understanding of how climate variability and environmental change influence the dynamics of Mexican ecosystems. First, we discuss the relevance of CO2 and water vapor exchange between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Second, we briefly describe the EC basis and present examples of measurements in terrestrial and urban ecosystems of Mexico. Finally, we describe the conceptual and operational goals at short-, medium-, and long-term scales for continuity of the MexFlux network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-336
Number of pages12
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge funding from Conacyt (EcoRed-Conacyt) for meetings that have facilitated discussions between researchers and students. RV is grateful for funding from Conacyt (Ciencia Básica-152671). TA and CW thanks SEP-Conacyt. ASA and EGC thank the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research, Tropi-Dry, supported by the National Science Foundation. EGC also acknowledges funding from a Conacyt-UC Mexus scholarship. CW gratefully acknowledges funding from Conacyt Ciencia Básica. EV acknowledges support from INE, MCE2, SMA-GDF and Singapore National Research Foundation trough SMART. GA and JLA acknowledge support from USAID and USFS.


  • Eddy covariance
  • Environmental networks
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Long-term measurements
  • Surface-air exchange


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