Propagación y establecimiento de citronela (Pelargonium graveolens) bajo malla sombra

Translated title of the contribution: Propagation and establishment of citronella (Pelargonium graveolens) under shade net

Diana Miriam Mc Caughey-Espinoza, Gloria Irma Ayala-Astorga, Génesis V. Buitimea-Cantúa, Nydia E. Buitimea‐cantúa, Andrés Ochoa-Meza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Citronella (Pelargonium graveolens) is a medicinal aromatic plant that has bioactive compounds such as citronellol and ge-raniol. The objective of this work was to evaluate the propagation of citronella using the leaves and the establishment of the new plant under shade net. The treatments that were used for rooting were soil and peat moss. There was a greater rooting in leaves sown in soil (91%) than in leaves sown in peat moss (67%). The leaves rooted in both substrates had a 91% survival after transplantation. However, the leaves rooted in soil presented 10.15 times longer root length compared to peat moss. While the number of roots in the leaves sown in soil and peat moss was similar. No significant changes were observed in the dasometric measurements (height, crown, and basal diameter) of citronella plants. The dry matter yield per citronella plant was 1.07 times higher in soil compared to peat moss. During the rooting and establishment of citronella there were no pests or diseases, which is beneficial for this crop avoiding the use of agrochemicals. The vegetative propagation of citronella leaves was better using the soil as a substrate, which allowed the obtaining of new plants.

Translated title of the contributionPropagation and establishment of citronella (Pelargonium graveolens) under shade net
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalIdesia
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

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