Role of fumonisin B1 on the immune system, histopathology, and muscle proteins of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Ana Laura Mexía-Salazar, Jorge Hernández-López, Armando Burgos-Hernández, Mario Onofre Cortez-Rocha, Reyna Castro-Longoria, Josafat M. Ezquerra-Brauer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


White shrimps, Litopenaeus vannamei, were tested in two indoor trials to determine the effect of fumonisin B1 on (i) immune response, (ii) histopathology, and, (iii) muscle proteins. Trial 1: (0, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 μg/g of FB1 levels, 18-day duration; shrimp 5-6 g) to evaluate the FB1 effect on the immune system and histopathology response. Trial 2: (0.0, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 μg/g of FB1 levels, 16-day duration; shrimp 5-6 g) to detect FB1 effect on muscle proteins. Prophenoloxidase activity was affected by all FB1 concentrations tested. Both, total haemocyte count and phenoloxidase activity decreased by the 18th day in shrimp exposed to FB1. Marked histological changes in the hepatopancreas of shrimp fed on diet containing FB1, at the all FB1 levels tested, as well as a necrotic tissue were observed. Changes in both, electrophoretic patterns and thermodynamic properties of myosin extracted from shrimp exposed to FB1 were also observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-479
Number of pages9
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank to Dr. Ofelia Rouzaud-Sández, M.Sc. Ramón Barraza Guardado, and M.Sc. Wilfrido Torres-Arreola, for their technical assistance. To CONACYT for the scholarship given to Ana Laura Mexía Salazar. This study was supported by CB/001 Universidad de Sonora – CIBNOR grant given to authors Josafat Marina Ezquerra-Brauer and Jorge Hernández-López.


  • Fumonitoxicosis
  • Histopathology
  • Litopenaeus vannamei
  • Muscle proteins


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