## Abstract

The transverse magnetic Gaussian beam diffraction from a finite number, equally spaced and rectangular cross section dielectric cylinder row is studied. The infinitely long cylinders’ axes are perpendicular to the beam’s direction of propagation. The cylinder row, with dielectric constant ε_{c} = n^{2}_{c}, is treated as a periodic inhomogeneous film, with period a_{x} and thickness w_{y}, bounded by two semi-infinite homogeneous media. With this restriction, the method is valid only for square or rectangular cross section cylinders. The supercell and the plane wave expansion methods are used to calculate the eigenfrequencies and eigenvectors supported for a one-dimensional photonic crystal. Then, these eigenfrequencies and eigenvectors are used to expand the field in the inhomogeneous film. Numerical results are presented for a_{x} greater than λ (the incident light wavelength), w_{x} (the cylinder width), and w_{g} (Gaussian beam waist). Two cases are studied. In the first (second) case, the unit cell contains one cylinder (a cylinder row), which simulates the scattering from a single cylinder (an inhomogeneous thin film). The total integrated scattering in transmission (reflection) shows three well-defined minima (maxima), which are due to interference effects. Its positions can be approximately obtained with the formula λ_{k} = 4n_{c}w_{y}∕k, with k = 3, 4, and 6. The total integrated scattering in transmission decreases linearly as a function of the cylinder number.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1369-1375 |

Number of pages | 7 |

Journal | Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision |

Volume | 34 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Aug 2017 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2017 Optical Society of America.