For more than four decades, the presence of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius complex as a pest and transmitter of begomoviral diseases has been one of the most important phytopathological events in cultivated species worldwide. In addition, the number of whitefly species, as well as the viruses they transmit, has been increasing over time. In the state of Baja California Sur (BCS), Mexico, the diversity of B. tabaci has been delimited to MEAM1 and NW species, affecting mainly tomato, pepper, and squash. However, the relationship of these species with the dispersion of the begomoviruses previously detected in the study area is still unknown. In a 5-yr study (2012-2016), these species of whiteflies and begomoviruses were identified. Moreover, the recurrence, seasonal distribution, and impact they have on the spread of the begomoviral diseases were assessed. The identification of whiteflies was done targeting the mtCOI by PCR-DNA barcoding assay. For begomoviruses identification, a set of degenerate and specific primers targeting the IR region and CP gene were used. To determine seasonal abundance, monitoring was performed every 15 d by means of yellow traps. The MEAM1 species in all localities was observed with the highest peak population (>10 whiteflies/trap) from March to April. The guidelines for naming begomovirus species for the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) establish that the names when they are preceded by the acronym the whole name is in lowercase, not italicized (e.g. bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV)); when the name goes alone without the acronym then its capitalizes the first letter (e.g. Bean golden mosaic virus) and when these are referred to in a taxonomic sense they are italicized and the first letter is capitalized (e.g. Bean golden mosaic virus). This study provides details of the distribution and occurrence of MEAM1 species and diversity of begomoviruses that could be useful in disease management in BCS and worldwide.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved.
- Baja California Peninsula
- biotype B
- sweet potato whitefly
- whitefly species complex