Seasonal effect on chemical composition and biological activities of Sonoran propolis

Dora Valencia, Efrain Alday, Ramon Robles-Zepeda, Adriana Garibay-Escobar, Juan C. Galvez-Ruiz, Magali Salas-Reyes, Manuel Jiménez-Estrada, Enrique Velazquez-Contreras, Javier Hernandez, Carlos Velazquez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


Propolis is widely used as a folk medicine and as a constituent of health foods in many parts of the world. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the seasonal effect on the chemical composition and biological activities (antiproliferative and antioxidant activities) of Sonoran propolis (Mexico). Propolis was collected during all four seasons of the year and chemical composition, antiproliferative, and free-radical scavenging activities of collected propolis were evaluated by HPLC, MTT, and DPPH assays, respectively. The relative abundance of the main chemical constituents of propolis was similar in all propolis samples analysed. In contrast, significant differences were observed in their antiproliferative activity in the B-cell lymphoma cancer cell line M12.C3.F6. Propolis collected in the spring showed the highest inhibitory effect on the growth of cancer cells. All propolis samples had weak free-radical scavenging activity. Our results indicate that season had a significant effect on the antiproliferative properties of Sonoran propolis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalFood Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank professional beekeeper Gilberto Valenzuela for all facilities provided for propolis collection. We are grateful to Karla Martinez Robinson for technical support of this research. This work was partially supported by a Grant from National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACYT, 83462 ).


  • Antiproliferative activity
  • Chemical composition
  • Seasonal effect
  • Sonoran propolis


Dive into the research topics of 'Seasonal effect on chemical composition and biological activities of Sonoran propolis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this