Semiconductors: Synthesis, Properties and Applications

J. Alvarado-Rivera, Amanda Carrillo-Castillo, María de la Luz Mota González

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Semiconductor technologies that drive electronic appliances and devices such as TV displays, computers, tablets, and cell phones have been evolving rapidly. The pursuit of lightweight, thinner, high image resolution, energy-saving displays, and devices have encouraged scientists around the world to find new materials and its combinations to follow-up with those needs. In this respect, organic semiconductors have been extensively studied in the last two decades because of their versatility, low processing requirements, flexibility, and environment-friendly characteristics. Unlike inorganic materials, organic semiconductors do not exhibit a periodic atomic arrangement, and charge transport occurs along their carbon backbones with conjugated bonds. In this chapter, the structural characteristics, classification, conduction phenomena, and optical properties of polymers and small molecules are presented. Organic photovoltaic devices, thin-film transistors, and organic light-emitting diodes are the most common application of these materials, and their most important features are explained. A concise summary of the most commonly used vapor and solution processing techniques for organic semiconductor deposition is presented.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationOrganic Semiconductors
EditorsMartín I. Pech-Canul, Nuggehalli M. Ravindra
PublisherSpringer Nature
ChapterOrganic Semiconductors
Pages547
Number of pages573
Volume1
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-02171-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-02169-6
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Organic semiconductors

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    Alvarado-Rivera, J., Carrillo-Castillo, A., & Mota González, M. D. L. L. (2019). Semiconductors: Synthesis, Properties and Applications. In M. I. Pech-Canul, & N. M. Ravindra (Eds.), Organic Semiconductors (1 ed., Vol. 1, pp. 547). [9] Springer Nature.